Merits of the 15th Night of Shaban
Shaban is the 8th month in the Islamic calendar and is considered one of the meritorious months for which we find particular instructions in the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad. It is reported that Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon him) used to fast most of the month in Shaban except for the last few days of the month.
These fasts are supererogatory (nafl). Shaban is the month immediately preceding the month of Ramadan. The Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him) mentioned in a hadith, “Rajab is the month of Allah, Shaban is my month and Ramadan is the month of the Nation“.
The blessed companion Usama ibn Zaid, reports that he asked Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon him): “Messenger of Allah, I have seen you fasting in the month of Shaban so frequently that I have never seen you fasting in any other month.” Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon him) replied: “That (Shaban) is a month between Rajab and Ramadan, which is neglected by many people. And it is a month in which an account of the deeds (of human beings) is presented before the Lord of the universe, so, I wish that my deeds be presented at a time when I am in a state of fasting.”
Ummul Mu’mineen ‘Aishah (r), says, “Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon him), used to fast for most of Shaban. I said to him, ‘Messenger of Allah, is Shaban your favorite month for fasting?’ He said, ‘In this month Allah prescribes the list of the persons dying this year. Therefore, I like that my death comes when I am in a state of fasting.‘ ”
These reports indicate that fasting in the month of Shaban, though not obligatory but are very deserving and that Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon him) did not like to miss it.
The Night of nisf (mid) Shaban
Various Islamic scholars have recommended special worship during the night of the 15th of Shaban. This is based on the saying (Hadith) of Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon him) the meaning of which is that during the night of 15th of Shaban, Allah will say “is there any person repenting so that I forgive him, and any person seeking provision so that I provide for him, and any person with distress so that I relieve him, and so on until dawn.” reported by Ibn Majah.
This is the night occurring between the 14th and 15th days of Shaban. Traditions of Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon him) show that it is a prominent night in which the people of the earth are attended by special Divine Mercy.
On the Night of 15th Shaban, after Maghrib or Isha prayer, it is traditional practice to read Surah Yasin and make special supplications for good health, protection from calamities and increased Iman.
According to tradition, this night has special blessings that are directed towards the faithful. Therefore, as much as possible, this night should be spent in worship and total submission to Allah Almighty. Also, fasting is recommended on the day immediately following this Night, i.e. the 15th day of Shaban.
Adapted with editorial adjustments from islamicity.org.